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Flash Testing - Test being performed on solar panels

Updated: May 12

A flash test for solar panels is a diagnostic procedure, used to determine the performance of photovoltaic (PV) panels under high current and voltage conditions.


The test involves applying a high-intensity flash of light to the solar panel and measuring the response in terms of voltage and current.


This information is used to determine the efficiency and health of the panel, identify performance issues, and ensure that the panel is functioning within its specified operating range.



Flash Test

A flash test typically requires the following equipment:

  1. Solar light simulator: A solar light simulator or sun simulator is a device that generates a high-intensity flash of light that mimics the spectral distribution of sunlight. It is used to apply a consistent and controlled flash of light to the solar panel

  2. Data acquisition system: A data acquisition system is used to measure the voltage and current produced by the solar panel during the flash test. This typically includes a multimeter or a data logger that is connected to the panel

  3. Flash generator: A flash generator is used to control the timing and intensity of the flash applied to the solar panel

  4. Test leads: Test leads are used to connect the solar panel to the data acquisition system and the flash generator

  5. Panel mounting equipment: The panel mounting equipment is used to securely position the solar panel during the test, and to ensure that the flash is applied to the panel in a consistent and controlled manner

  6. Light meter: A light meter is used to measure the intensity of the flash of light generated by the solar simulator. This information is used to verify the consistency and accuracy of the flash test.

In a flash test, a reference module is known. This is a high-quality solar panel and is used as a benchmark for comparison with the solar panel being tested. The reference module has been calibrated and its performance characteristics, such as its open-circuit voltage, short-circuit current, and maximum power point is well - known.


Reference modules are generally calibrated at a high-tech, third party laboratory that ensures precise, detailed measurements of the modules characteristics.


During a flash test, the reference module and the panel under the test are both subjected to the same flash of light, and their voltage and current responses are measured. The results from the reference module provide a baseline for comparison with the panel under the test. If the performance of the panel under test is within the expected range, it indicates that the panel is functioning properly. If the performance deviates from the reference module, it may indicate a problem with the panel, such as a fault or degradation.


The reference module is used to ensure that the flash test results are accurate, consistent, and repeatable. The use of a reference module helps to standardize the flash test procedure and to minimize the impact of the test setup and environmental variables on the results.


A flash test can tell you the following information about a solar panel:

  1. Open-circuit voltage: This is the voltage across the solar panel when no current is flowing. It is an indication of the maximum voltage that the panel can produce

  2. Short-circuit current: This is the current flowing through the panel when there is no voltage across it. It is an indication of the maximum current that the panel can produce

  3. Maximum power point: The maximum power point is the voltage and current at which the solar panel produces the maximum power. The flash test helps determine the location of the maximum power point

  4. Panel efficiency: The flash test results can be used to calculate the panel's efficiency, which is a measure of how effectively the panel converts sunlight into electrical energy


However, a flash test cannot tell you everything!

  1. Performance over time: A flash test only provides a snapshot of the panel's performance at a specific moment in time. It cannot tell you how the panel's performance changes over time due to environmental factors, degradation, or other factors.

  2. Temperature effect: The fash test is conducted under standard laboratory conditions and the results may not reflect the panel's performance under real-world temperature conditions.

  3. Impacts of shading or dust: The flash test does not account for the impact of shading or dust on the panel's performance These factors can have a significant impact on the panel's overall output, but they cannot be measured by a flash test.




Data Credit:

https://sinovoltaics.com/learning-center/testing/flash-test-technical-background-and-importance/


Image Credit:

RenewSys





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